Padua, originally an early venetian town, became Roman city with the name of Patavium, and it still retains in the old town centre many vestiges of its ancient past.
Rich and populous in the Middle Ages, it became important cultural center with the birth of the University in 1222, which attracted many students from Northern Europe, whose coat of arms can still be seen in the ancient courtyard of the University and in various rooms of the same.
Here he taught scientist and astronomer Galileo Galilei, one of the founders of the Scientific Method, which lived in Padua for many years and whose chair is kept in the lobby of the Great Hall of the Bo, the ancient seat of the Universitas Padua.
Two of the most common names that are attributed to Padua are: "The city of three hundred" and "City of the Saint."
The first name is due to the fact it is the Italian city with the largest number of frescoed chapels in 1300, first of all, the Scrovegni Chapel, which houses the only complete cycle of frescoes by Giotto.
The second name is derived from S. Anthony of Padua, actually born in Portugal but lived for some years in Padua where he preached and where he died and was buried in 1231.
In the heart of Padua's Basilica dedicated to him, a veritable museum of art spanning the centuries: there you can admire the frescoes of Giotto, and Alticchiero Menabuoi, the bronzes of Donatello, until you come to the frescoes of Anigoni.
The rivers Brenta and Bacchiglione through the city and the Euganean Hills are the framework for such a wealth of artistic and cultural heritage, which from centuries attracts tourists loving Art and faithful of the Saint from all over the world.